The Must Know Pros and Cons of a Closed Stance in Golf

Table of Contents


  • A closed stance in golf involves positioning your feet, hips, and shoulders slightly to the left of the target.
  • It can increase swing power, improve consistency, and enhance accuracy.
  • However, there are drawbacks, such as common faults, excessive curve or hook, and limited shot options.
  • The right time to use a closed stance is in situations that warrant it, but factors like club selection and course conditions should be considered.
  • Perfecting your closed stance involves essential tips, practice, and adjustments to match your personal style.
  • Common misconceptions about closed stance, such as swing speed and injury risks, will be debunked.


If youve ever watched professional golfers in action, you may have noticed that their stances vary. One stance that often catches the eye is the closed stance. A closed stance is when a golfers front foot is positioned closer to the target line than their back foot. It may seem unconventional, but many golfers, including myself, have found this stance to be effective in certain situations. In this article, we will explore the pros and cons of a closed stance in golf. Whether youre a beginner looking to improve your game or a seasoned player curious about different techniques, understanding the benefits and drawbacks of a closed stance will help you make more informed decisions on the course. So, lets dive in and take a closer look at this intriguing stance and its impact on your golf game.

Understanding the Closed Stance in Golf

What is a Closed Stance?

A closed stance refers to a specific setup position that a golfer assumes before the swing. When a golfer has a closed stance, their front foot is pulled back away from the target line, creating an angle with the toes pointing slightly away from the target. By positioning the feet this way, the golfer's body alignment is more towards the right of the target (for a right-handed golfer), hence the term 'closed'.

The Difference Between Closed, Square, and Open Stances

In golf, the stance you choose greatly influences your swing action. There are primarily three types of golf stances: closed, square, and open.

A closed stance, as explained above, is when the golfer's front foot is pulled back away from the target line. On the other hand, a square stance is a neutral stance. In this position, the golfer's feet are parallel to the target line and thus are equally distant from it, resulting in the body being directly lined up with the target.

An open stance is the opposite of a closed stance, with the front foot closer to the target line. This stance promotes an out-to-in swing path that is ideal for hitting fades or combating a hook.

Understanding these differences could significantly improve your game strategy and could be further enhanced by checking an article shared by Golf Digest for a comprehensive guide on golf stances.

What Does a Closed Stance Do to Your Golf Swing?

A closed stance can significantly alter your golf swing. The alignment creates an automatic in-to-out swing path or a right-to-left movement for right-handed golfers. This encourages a draw spin on the golf ball, curving it from right to left in the air.

It also shifts the weight towards the back foot in the backswing, allowing for a smooth and efficient transfer of energy from the back foot to the front during the downswing. Consequently, a closed stance can potentially increase the power behind a golf shot, making it an effective strategy for longer holes.

A well-illustrated video provided by Me and My Golf further explains the impacts of a closed stance on a golf swing, providing useful visual aids for better understanding.

The Advantages of a Closed Stance in Golf

A closed stance in golf has several key advantages to players who incorporate it into their swing mechanics. It can increase swing power, improve consistency, and enhance accuracy, making it a valuable technique for golfers at all skill levels.

Increasing your Swing Power with a Closed Stance

A closed stance in golf allows players to generate more power in their swing. By positioning the left foot (for right-handed players) slightly behind the right, you can effectively increase the coil in your backswing. This leads to a more aggressive downswing, thus increasing the power of the shot. In fact, some of the most powerful hitters in golf use a closed stance for this very reason.

How a Closed Stance can Improve your Consistency

Consistency is key in golf, and a closed stance can really help with this. By replicating the same stance each time, golfers can develop a reliable swing pattern. A closed stance can also limit excessive movements in the swing, thereby preventing mishit shots and ensuring a more consistent strike at the ball. A study by Golf Digest confirms that golfers who implement a closed stance generally achieve greater consistency in their shots.

The Role of a Closed Stance in Enhancing Accuracy

Lastly, a closed stance can significantly enhance the accuracy of your golf shots. Due to the alignment of the body to the left (for right-handed players), the clubface is more likely to square at impact with the ball, leading to straighter shots. Additionally, the forward tilt in a closed stance helps golfers hit the ball with the center of the clubface more consistently, reducing the risk of off-center hits that lead to inaccurate shots. Therefore, adopting a closed stance can truly be a game-changer for golfers seeking improved performance in their game.

The Drawbacks of a Closed Stance in Golf

While the closed stance in golf has undeniable advantages, it's also necessary to discuss its potential drawbacks to ensure a well-rounded comprehension of this technique. When utilized incorrectly, or under inappropriate circumstances, a closed stance could have negative implications for your game. This section reveals common challenges players may face with a closed stance, its potential to induce unwanted curves or hooks, and how it might limit shot options.

Troubleshooting Common Faults with a Closed Stance

A common fault when using a closed stance is over-rotation, causing a player to hit the ball too far to the left. A golfer might also pull the club too far inside on the backswing, leading to mishits and inconsistent ball flight. Golfweek provides some useful tips on how to correct these common faults experienced with a closed stance.

The Risk of Excessive Curve or Hook with a Closed Stance

Another challenge of a closed stance is the increased risk of imparting excessive spin on the ball, resulting in an undesirable curve or hook, which can significantly affect the accuracy of your shots and potentially lead you to incur penalty strokes. As expounds, controlling the curve in your shots is critical to better scores and is a must-have skill for every golfer.

How a Closed Stance Can Limit Your Shot Options

While a closed stance aids in pulling off specific shots, such as the draw, it may limit other kinds of shots you could execute. For example, it may be challenging to execute higher shots, fades, or lob shots due to the restricted hip turn inherent in a closed stance. Consequently, a golfer with a closed stance may struggle to adapt to varied conditions and tricky pin placements, thereby limiting their arsenal of shots.

The Right Time to Use a Closed Stance

Golf is a game of precision and strategy with different strokes serving well in diverse playing conditions and shot requirements. The closed stance is no exception and it can prove to be an invaluable tool in the arsenal of a proficient golfer when used in the right circumstances. It's essential to understand the circumstances that warrant a closed stance and the key factors to consider before adopting this stance to leverage its full potential.

Recognizing situations that warrant a closed stance

While the suitability of a stance often comes down to personal comfort and playing style, there are definite scenarios where a closed stance can prove beneficial. Generally, closed stances are preferred for shots requiring a draw or a right-to-left curve for right-handed golfers. They can be advantageous while playing against the wind or when there's a need to direct the ball around an obstacle. It's also advantageous for players aspiring to increase power and control provided they have honed the technique correctly.

Utilizing a closed stance can also be a strategic move to correct a swing flaw, such as a slice, as it promotes an in-to-out swing path, assisting in creating a rightward spin for right-handed golfers and vice-versa for left-handers. However, it's important to seek professional advice here on fixing a slice to avoid incorporating the wrong adjustments into your swing.

Factors to consider before adopting a closed stance

Before introducing any change to your golf swing, it's crucial to weigh some considerations. Firstly, a closed stance typically encourages a draw ball flight, and it might not be the best approach if you're accustomed to or prefer to play with a fade.

Secondly, while a closed stance can increase swing power, the change in swing mechanics might initially lead to inconsistent performance until you get used to it. Moreover, the closed stance also limits the shot options to some extent, making it difficult to play fade shots.

Finally, the closed stance does place increased rotational stress on the lower body, specifically the knees and the hips. For players with pre-existing injuries or conditions in these areas, transitioning to a closed stance could potentially increase the risk of injury. It's always recommended to consult an experienced golf instructor or a medical professional to establish the suitability of the closed stance in individual cases.

You can read about the physical implications of different golf stances here. By considering these factors, golfers can make an informed decision regarding the adoption of the closed stance for enhancing their game performance.

Perfecting your Closed Stance in Golf

Developing and refining your golf stance is crucial in achieving optimal performance. Perfecting your closed stance may involve fine-tuning body alignment, practicing your foot position, or adjusting your swing to match your individual style. Regular practice, patience, and knowing when to make the right adjustments can help you elevate your golf game to a higher level.

Essential tips for executing a successful closed stance

A few important elements can make or break your closed stance. The positioning of your shoulders, hips, and knees is crucial. These should be aligned slightly to the right of the target (for a right-handed golfer) thereby closing off your stance. Furthermore, maintaining a firm left side and allowing a full rotation of your shoulders during the swing are essential for executing a successful closed stance.

Practicing your closed stance for optimal results

Regular practice is key when it comes to perfecting your closed stance. Notwithstanding, practice alone might not suffice if not done correctly. Try practicing in front of a mirror or record your stance to better understand your body's alignment and movement. Incorporating drills that encourage a closed stance into your practice routine can be useful too. An angle board or foot alignment guide can be great tools for practicing proper foot placement.

Adjusting your closed stance to match your personal style

While fundamentals remain the same, golfers should tweak their closed stance to match their personal style and comfort. As golfers have different body types and swing characteristics, what works for one might not work for another. Experiment with slight adjustments, analyze your shot results, and choose a stance that brings out your best swing. Always remember, the ultimate goal should be to strike a balance between your personal comfort and technical correctness.


Understanding and implementing the closed stance in golf can undeniably elevate your game. It brings with it potential for increased swing power, improved consistency, and enhanced accuracy. However, it's essential to note that it also brings along the risk of excessive curve or hook and might limit your shot options. Recognizing situations that warrant a closed stance and practicing diligently to perfect your closed stance can help mitigate these drawbacks. Although closed stance has faced some misconceptions and myths, most notably about swing speed and injury risks, this article provides a comprehensive guide to debunk these and highlight the truth. As with any technique in golf, or in sport in general, personalizing it to match your style and comfort is key. The golf world should continue to explore, learn, and perfect the closed stance strategy, returning back here for updates and new insights on this aspect of the sport.

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